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Investing For The Short Term

Scientific works in the theories of finances and credit, according to the specification of the research object, are characterized to be many-leveled and many-sided.

The definition of totality of the economic relations formed in the process of formation, distribution and usage of finances, as money sources is widely spread. In “the general theory of finances” there are two definitions of finances:

V. M. Rodionova Finances reflect economic relations, formation of the funds of money sources, in the process of distribution and redistribution of national receipts according to the distribution and usage”. This definition is given relatively to the conditions of Capitalism, when cash-commodity relations gain universal character;

Finances represent the formation of centralized ad decentralized money sources, economical relations relatively with the distribution and usage, which serve for fulfillment of the state functions and obligations and also provision of the conditions of the widened further production”. This definition is brought without showing the environment of its action. We share partly such explanation of finances and think expedient to make some specification.

Finances overcome the bounds of distribution and redistribution service of the national income, though it is a basic foundation of finances. Formation and usage of the depreciation fund which is the part of financial domain, belongs not to the distribution and redistribution of the national income (of newly formed value during a year), but to the distribution of already developed value.

This latest first appears to be a part of value of main industrial funds, later it is moved to the cost price of a ready product (that is to the value too) and after its realization, and it is set the depression fund. Its source is taken into account beforehand as a depression kind in the consistence of the ready products cost price.

Another, main goal of finances is much wider then fulfillment of the state functions and obligations and provision of conditions for the widened further production.  Finances exist on the state level and also on the manufactures and branches’ level too, and in such conditions, when the most part of the manufactures are not state.

V. M. Rodionova has a different position about this subject: real formation of the financial resources begins on the stage of distribution, when the value is realized and concrete economical forms of the realized value are separated from the consistence of the profit.

V. M. Rodionova makes an accent of finances, as distributing relations, when D. S. Moliakov underlines industrial foundation of finances. Both of them give quite substantiate discussion of finances, as a system of formation, distribution and usage of the funds of money sources, that comes out of the following definition of the finances: financial cash relations, which forms in the process of distribution and redistribution of the partial value of the national wealth and total social product, is related with the subjects of the economy and formation and usage of the state cash incomes and savings in the widened further production, in the material stimulation of the workers for satisfaction of the society other and social requests.

In the manuals of the political economy we meet with the following definitions of finances:

As we’ve seen, definitions of finances made by financiers and political economists do not differ greatly.

Finances of the socialistic state represent economical (cash) relations, with the help of which, in the way of planned distribution of the incomes and savings the funds of money sources of the state and socialistic manufactures are formed for guaranteeing the growth of the production, rising the material and cultural level of the people and for satisfying other general society requests.

The system of creation and usage of necessary funds of cash resources for guarantying socialistic widened further production represent exactly the finances of the socialistic society. And the totality of economic relations arisen between state, manufactures and organizations, branches, regions and separate citizen according to the movement of cash funds make financial relations.

In every discussed position there are:

1) expression of essence and phenomenon in the definition of finances

2) the definition of finances, as the system of the creation and usage of funds of cash sources on the level of phenomenon

3) Distribution of finances as social product and the value of national income, definition of the distributions planned character, main goals of the economy and economic relations, for servicing of which it is used

If refuse the preposition “socialistic” in the definition of finances, we may say, that it still keeps actuality. We meet with such traditional definitions of finances, without an adjective “socialistic”, in the modern economical literature. We may give such an elucidation: “finances represent cash resources of production and usage, also cash relations appeared in the process of distributing values of formed economical product and national wealth for formation and further production of the cash incomes and savings of the economical subjects and state, rewarding of the workers and satisfaction of the social requests”.

Finances – are cash sources, financial resources, their creation and movement, redistribution and distribution, usage, also economic relations, which are conditioned by calculations between the economical subjects, movement of cash sources, money circulation and usage.

Finances are the system of economic relations, which are connected with firm creation, distribution and usage of financial resources.

Finances represent the formation of centralized ad decentralized money sources, economical relations relatively with the distribution and usage, which serve for fulfillment of the state functions and obligations and also provision of the conditions of the widened further production. V. M. Rodionova makes an accent of finances, as distributing relations, when D. S. Moliakov underlines industrial foundation of finances. Both of them give quite substantiate discussion of finances, as a system of formation, distribution and usage of the funds of money sources, that comes out of the following definition of the finances: “financial cash relations, which forms in the process of distribution and redistribution of the partial value of the national wealth and total social product, is related with the subjects of the economy and formation and usage of the state cash incomes and savings in the widened further production, in the material stimulation of the workers for satisfaction of the society other and social requests.
We meet with such traditional definitions of finances, without an adjective “socialistic”, in the modern economical literature. We may give such an elucidation: “finances represent cash resources of production and usage, also cash relations appeared in the process of distributing values of formed economical product and national wealth for formation and further production of the cash incomes and savings of the economical subjects and state, rewarding of the workers and satisfaction of the social requests”.

Stock Investing

Stock investing is the growth engine of your investment portfolio

Stock investing is the growth engine of your investment portfolio, but in 2014 and beyond your best investment strategy could be to cut your investment exposure in stocks (also called equities) and stock funds (also called equity funds). Face it: equities and some stock funds have run up 150% in the past four to five years and this run could be about over. Why invest money here (more money) now?

Stock investing is the growth engine of your investment portfolio, but in 2014 and beyond your best investment strategy could be to cut your investment exposure in stocks (also called equities) and stock funds (also called equity funds). The truth of the matter is that stocks and stock funds have been the best investment for the average investor for questionable reasons. Invest money in stocks or stock funds if you believe that our government’s efforts will create a new wave of growth in the economy, in jobs, and in corporate sales. That’s one view of stocks for 2014 and beyond, based on a fundamental view of stock investing. If you invest money in stocks or stock funds now, you could be arriving at the party late.

Invest money in stocks or stock funds if you believe that our government’s efforts will create a new wave of growth in the economy, in jobs, and in corporate sales. Do not rush out to invest money (more money) if you think higher interest rates will follow and choke economic growth.

When investors look at the apparent lack of investment opportunities out there and see equities going up they tend to want to jump on the band wagon and invest money in stocks and equity funds. In 2014 your best investment strategy may be to cut back on stock investing and opt for more safety.

Stock investing has been very profitable in the past few years. The truth of the matter is that stocks and stock funds have been the best investment for the average investor for questionable reasons. In the world of stock investing, investors want to see a growing economy, rising corporate profits and growth in corporate sales.

That’s one view of stocks for 2014 and beyond, based on a fundamental view of stock investing. If you invest money in stocks or stock funds now, you could be arriving at the party late. Only after these bear markets ended were stock funds the best investment for the average investor (for about 5 years).

This made stock investing the best investment game in town, and kept interest rates low. At that point stock investing could be a whole new ball game. Equities might not be your best investment.

Well, it’s been about 5 years now since the recession (financial crisis) was officially put to bed. The real dilemma for investors in 2014 and beyond is that there appears to be few (if any) good or best investment prospects on the horizon. Why invest money in a money market fund when they pay virtually nothing in return?

Planning To Make Your Investments

How To Make Your Investments

One:   Meeting Investment Prerequisites-Before one even thinks of investing, they should make sure they have adequately provided for the necessities, like housing, food, transportation, clothing, etc. There should be an additional amount of money that could be used as emergency cash, and protection against other various risks. This protection could be through life, property, liability, and health insurance.

Two: Selecting Suitable Investments-With all the information gathered so far, a person will use it to select the investment vehicles that will compliment their goals the most. One should take into consideration expected tax, return, and risk considerations. Careful selection is important.

Three: Evaluating Investment Vehicles-Next up is evaluating investment vehicles by looking at each vehicle’s potential return and risk.

Four: Establishing Investing Goals-Once the prerequisites are taken care of, an investor will then want to establish their investing goals, which is laying out financial objectives they wish to achieve. The goals chosen will determine what types of investments they will make. The most common investing goals are accumulating retirement funds, increasing current income, saving for major expenditures, and sheltering income from taxes.

Five: Adopting an Investment Plan-Once someone has their general goals, they will need to adopt an investment plan. This will include specifying a target date for achieving a goal and the amount of tolerable risk involved.

Six: Managing the Portfolio-Once a portfolio is put together, an investor should measure the behavior in relation to expected performance, and make adjustments as needed.

Seven: Constructing a Diversified Portfolio-In order to achieve their investment goals, investors will need to pull together an investment portfolio of suitable investments. Investors should diversify their portfolio by including a number of different investment vehicles to earn higher returns and/or to be exposed to less risk as opposed to just limiting themselves to one or two investments. Investing in mutual funds can help achieve diversification and also have the benefit of it being professionally managed.

Considering Personal Taxes

Knowing current tax laws can help an investor reduce the taxes and increase the amount of after-tax dollars available for investing.

These income taxes have the greatest impact on security investments, which the returns are in the form of dividends, interest, and increases in value. Property taxes can also have a significant impact on real estate and other forms of property investment.

Types of Income-Income for individuals can be classified into three basic categories:

1. Active Income-This can be made up of wages, salaries, bonuses, tips, pension, and alimony. It is made up of income earned on the job as well as through other forms of noninvestment income.

2. Portfolio Income-This income is from earnings produced from various investments which could be made up of savings accounts, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, options, and futures, and consists of interest, dividends, and capital gains.

3. Passive Income-Income gained through real estate, limited partnerships, and other forms of tax-advantaged investments.

Investments and Taxes-Taking into tax laws is an important part of the investment process. Tax planning involves examining both current and projected earnings, and developing strategies to help minimize the level and defer of taxes. Planning for these taxes will help assist investment activities over time so that an investor can achieve maximum after-tax returns.

Employer-sponsored plans can include 401( k) plans, savings plans, and profit-sharing plans. These plans are usually voluntary and allow employees to increase the amount of money for retirement and tax advantage of tax-deferral benefits. These plans generally allow people to defer taxes on both the contributions and earnings until retirement.

Investing Over the Life Cycle

As the investors get closer to retirement, their focus is usually on the preservation of capital and income. Their investment portfolio is now usually very conservative at this point. It would typically consist of low-risk income stocks and mutual funds, high-yield government bonds, quality corporate bonds, CDs, and other short-term investment vehicles.

As investors age, their investment strategies tend to change. Younger investors usually go for growth-oriented investments that focus on capital gains as opposed to current income.

As the investors become more middle-aged, other things like educational expenses and retirement become more important. As this happens, the typical investor moves towards more higher quality securities which are low-risk growth and income stocks, high-grade bonds, preferred stocks, and mutual funds.

Investing In Different Economic Conditions

This involves matching the risk and return objectives of an investor’s plan with the investment vehicles. If there is an experienced investor that can tolerate more risk, then speculative stocks may be right for them. A novice investor that wants a decent return on their capital may decide to invest in a growth-oriented mutual fund.

How an investor responds to these market conditions will depend on the types of investment vehicles they hold. No matter what the state of the economy is, an investor’s willingness to enter the capital market depends on a basic trust in accurate and fair financial reporting.

Even though the government has different tools or strategies for moderating economic swings, investors will still endure numerous changes in the economy while investing. An investment program must allow the investor to react and recognize to changing conditions in the economy. When to make your moves, it is important to know where to put your money and.

Knowing when to invest is difficult because it deals with market timing. Even most professional money investors, managers, and economists can’t consistently predict the market and economic movements.

Stocks and the Business Cycle

When business is thriving and profits are up, stock prices react by increasing in value and returns. On the flip side, when economic activity is diminishing, the values and returns on common stocks tend to follow the same pattern.

Conditions in the economy are highly influential on common stocks and other equity-related securities. Economic conditions is also referred to as the business cycle. The business cycle mirrors the current status of a variety of economic variables which includes GDP, industrial production, personal disposable income, the unemployment rate, and more.

Bonds and Interest Rates

Step 6: Constructing a Diversified Portfolio-In order to achieve their investment goals, investors will need to pull together an investment portfolio of suitable investments. Investors should diversify their portfolio by including a number of different investment vehicles to earn higher returns and/or to be exposed to less risk as opposed to just limiting themselves to one or two investments. Planning for these taxes will help assist investment activities over time so that an investor can achieve maximum after-tax returns.

Lower interest rates are favorable for bonds for an investor. High interest rates increase the attractiveness of new bonds because they must offer high returns to attract investors.

Younger investors usually go for growth-oriented investments that focus on capital gains as opposed to current income. An investment program must allow the investor to react and recognize to changing conditions in the economy.

California: The Business Friendly State

Entrepreneurs in search of the best location for a new business can quit looking once they hit California. The Golden State is still one of the best areas in the country to set up shop for a number of industries. Agriculture, technology, construction: they are all thriving and make California one of the best places to search for commercial gold.

As the LA Times has pointed out, California’s reputation as a less-than-desirable business location is simply not true. Although some people will hear critics complain about regulation making it hard to set up a business, California has actually had better economic growth than most other states and experienced it at a higher rate than the national average. Census numbers prove that California attracts new companies at an impressive rate, meaning that the business environment is certainly friendly, despite the lingering perception that California is hard on entrepreneurs. Numbers don’t lie, and California has put up the numbers.

Almost any commercial entity can find a niche in the diversity of California’s economic structure. Sacramento, in particular, offers many opportunities for businesses. The unemployment rate is low, business creation is high, and family income can support the addition of more businesses. The median family income in Sacramento is approximately $50,000. Future job creation is expected to rise as well. Attracting workers is not an issue because the moderate year-round temperatures are still an excellent enticement for potential employees. The local worker pool is strong, and many people will still consider moving to California for a career opportunity.

If someone is looking for tips for Sacramento businesses to be successful, they need look no further than City Hall. The city works hard to cultivate a positive commercial environment and offers a number of aids to help owners get settled and their businesses established. The Greater Sacramento Small Business Development Center is a vital organization that can help people begin and grow their businesses.

The Stockton Boulevard Business Information Center is another excellent resource that provides area-specific data to help owners build their companies. The Service Corps of Retired Executives is another organization that can provide invaluable business assistance. In addition to these organizations, the city itself offers help in getting the proper documents and clearances that are necessary before companies open their doors.

In addition, their official website walks businesspeople through all the preliminary steps, including developing a business plan and acquiring financing. No matter what people may have heard about doing business in California, Sacramento offers them a chance to begin a business that is destined to grow and thrive.

Although it may sound like a cliché, moving to California is still a good way to seek a fortune. The weather is always a strong draw to business owners and potential employees, but, more importantly, the business climate is a good one. Research and census figures back up that finding, so any rumors otherwise are simply untrue. Unemployment is low, business growth is high, and the future economic climate looks even stronger. The Golden State takes good care of its businesses.

Asian Offshore Banking

A Lesson About Offshore Banking

As with most things, your knowledge about Offshore Banking is what you hear about, not what you actually learn in practice.

Most of the investors who create offshore bank accounts do so for privacy and reduced regulation and lower taxes or to protect their assets from lawsuits or from local political or financial instability in their home country.

An offshore bank is typically a bank located outside the home country of the depositor. Offshore bank accounts are usually located in a low tax jurisdiction providing privacy, legal and financial advantages to the depositor.

The simplest way for a non-Singapore resident to open an offshore bank account in Singapore is to use one of the banks in Singapore that has offices in your home country. If you are from the United States for example you might consider opening your offshore bank account through Citibank. The drawback to using any US or European based bank is the loss of the privacy that many considering offshore bank accounts are seeking.

US citizens considering opening an offshore account should be aware of and seek professional advice on the impact of the recently enacted HIRE Act. Set to become effective in 2012, the HIRE Act requires all foreign financial institutions (ffi’s) to report information about US accountholders and in many cases withhold 30% of accountholder’s US generated income including US source dividends, interest, salaries, rent, annuities or other fixed or determinable annual or periodic gains, profits, or income and 30% of the gross receipts from the sale of property that could produce US source interest or dividends, regardless of cost basis.

If privacy is not a primary concern, you can open an offshore account in Singapore through one of the US or European banks with offices in Singapore simply by contacting a local branch near you and having the local bank certify the necessary documents to the Singapore office.

The simplest way for a non-Singapore resident to open an offshore bank account in Singapore is to use one of the banks in Singapore that has offices in your home country. If you are from the United States for example you might consider opening your offshore bank account through Citibank. The drawback to using any US or European based bank is the loss of the privacy that many considering offshore bank accounts are seeking. Citibank or any other US or European bank will likely require the investor to provide a social security or other national identification number and sign a waiver of the Singapore privacy laws.

Singapore is one of the most desirable private banking jurisdictions in the world. Singapore’s stable and sophisticated business environment and the fact that business is conducted in English language makes offshore banking in Singapore easier than in many other locales.

To take advantage of Singapore’s strong privacy protections it is best to establish your offshore bank account with one of the asian or local banks. To do this you may have to visit Singapore or if your investment is significant you may be able to arrange for the bank to send staff to your home country to open your account or you may be able to create a legal representative for your account who will be able to manage an account and open on your behalf.

The biggest obstacle to opening an offshore bank account in Singapore has been the requirement that you physically be in Singapore or be a current customer of the bank to open an offshore account there. Today opening an offshore account in Singapore is becoming less complicated.

What Do You Know About Investing?

What Do You REALLY Know About Investing?

Most people think they know about investing, but most of what they think they know is misinformation spread around, and is not REALLY true.

Stocks
The most popular of all investing opportunities, are stocks. You can make a lot of money investing in stocks, which means you can also lose a lot of money. You want to keep in mind that most investments in stocks are long term investments.

By making each individual dollar work for you, this in return makes you wealthy over time. There are a plethora of investing opportunities out there.

Investing Tips

1.) Have the Right Expectations
When you are investing in stocks, you want to make sure you aren’t expecting to become Warren Buffet over night. You want to make sure you do the proper amount of research, and make sure you know the history of the market as well as the company you are investing in. Make sure you know how long you are keeping an investment, and then make a commitment.

2.) Don’t Listen to the Media
It will take your decision from being based on research and history, to just “hear-say”. This will hurt your investments immensely.

3.) Stay Focused
You want to make sure you are putting all your effort and focus into your investments. Make sure you treat it the way it is and make sure you do the proper research of all aspects of what you’re investing in.

Mutual Funds
You are pooling your money with a number of other investors when you invest in Mutual Funds. You then pay someone to professionally manage and choose each individual security for you. There are a variety of different mutual funds you can choose to invest in, which range to fit your investment strategy.
3 Types of Mutual Funds
1.) Open-Ended
2.) Unit Investment Trust
3.) Close-Ended

Mutual Fund Investing Tips

1.) Look at the Fees
Always look at the fees involved when investing in Mutual Funds. Makes sure you find the best deal, but make sure you are investing the right amount of money in the right places.

2.) Research the History
One thing you can do to prepare an investment is to check out the history of the Mutual Fund. If it’s doing good, and there is a community of people investing in it, it can tell you if its a smart idea to invest yourself. Always check the history of any investment before you decide to purchase.

3.) Look at the Contract
You want to make sure you don’t just know bits and pieces of what’s involved, but everything there is to know, and then some. Make sure you know all the fees involved with buying and selling funds, and if there are international fees required.

Alternative Investments
Apart from the basic investments, there are other special securities. These investments include gold/silver, real estate, etc. These investments are speculative and can be very high profit, however; you need to have the knowledge.

Bank Investments
Bank accounts are one of the simplest form of investment. This percentage barely beats the rise of inflation, so unless you are keeping hundreds of thousands of dollars in the bank, you won’t be creating any wealth from this form of investment. Another way to invest in your bank is a CD, or Certificate of Deposit.

1.) Gold & Silver
The first thing you want to do before you invest in gold or silver, is to look at the market and decide if now is the best time to invest in precious metals. You want to make sure you are familiar with the variety of ways to invest in silver. You can invest in silver mining companies, silver ETF’s, silver futures, silver bullion, and also silver coins.

You want to make sure you do the proper amount of research, and make sure you know the history of the market as well as the company you are investing in. Make sure you treat it the way it is and make sure you do the proper research of all aspects of what you’re investing in. Makes sure you find the best deal, but make sure you are investing the right amount of money in the right places. If it’s doing good, and there is a community of people investing in it, it can tell you if its a smart idea to invest yourself. The first thing you want to do before you invest in gold or silver, is to look at the market and decide if now is the best time to invest in precious metals.

Essence of Investing

How would your perceive the Essence of Investing?

To the market, the Essence of Investing is considered to be the reality of financial-impact cycles (market, interest rate, economy, industry, etc.) just doesn’t fit at all into the hindsightful, but popular and generally accepted, calendar year assessment mechanisms. Brainwashing again.

Without these natural changes, there would be no hope of gain, no chance of buying low and selling higher. No risk, no profits, and no excitement– boring!

Wall Street knows this, and takes advantage of it mercilessly. In spite of the recent financial crisis, pension plan fiduciaries (particularly in the public sector, go figure) are falling all over themselves to throw money at the derivative and very alternative speculations that crashed the market just months ago.

Think about it. The harboring of these misconceptions (that lower market price = loss or bad and/or that higher market price = profit or good) is the greatest risk creator of all. It invariably causes inappropriate actions within the large mass of individuals who are uninitiated in the ways of the investment gods.

Most investors incorrectly think of “risk” as the possibility that the market value of a financial asset might fall below the amount that he or she has invested in the asset. OMG, how could this be happening!

The first steps in risk minimization are cerebral, and involve developing an understanding of the fundamental economic purpose of the two basic classes of investment securities.

Alternative investments? The stigma is gone, but the artificial demand adds risk to all markets.

They are especially risky for the millions of 401(k) and IRA investors who probably can not explain the difference between bonds and stocks, from any perspective. Most investors have virtually no clue what is actually being done inside the products they select, and have even less of an interest in learning about it. They dance knee-jerk style to the daily media buzz.

What is abnormal is the hype surrounding market value changes and the hysteria such hype causes among investors. No way should a weak real estate market translate into near zero bank balance sheet entries– it just doesn’t compute, except when it is popular politics.

Risk is the reality of financial markets and financial assets: the current value of all securities will change, from “real” property through time-restrained futures speculations. Anything that is “marketable” is subject to changes in market value. It is as the gods intended, and portfolios can be designed so that it just doesn’t matter quite so much as you’ve been brainwashed into thinking.

From the investors’ perspective: (a) equity securities are expected to produce growth in the form of realized capital gains, and (b) income securities are expected to produce spendable (or reinvestable) income. It isn’t real growth until it’s realized, or real income until it’s received.

The amount, cause, frequency, range, and duration of market value change will always vary in an “I-don’t-care-who-you-listen-to” unpredictably certain way– the certainty being that the change in market values of investment assets is inevitable, unpredictable, and essential to long term investment success.

401(k) participants are force fed products du jour from self-serving providor menus that make little effort to identify risk, much less minimize it. Very few plans allow participants to develop an understanding of their investment choices with the only education provided by the product vendors themselves.

Most investors have virtually no clue what is actually being done inside the products they select, and have even less of an interest in learning about it.

Here’s an interesting risk in the securities markets, one that governments have cleverly refused to address for fairly obvious reasons. The “Masters of the Universe” routinely get paid obscene amounts of compensation for risking OPM (other people’s money) perhaps a bit too cavalierly.

Real financial risk in equities boils down to: the possibility that a company’s stock (that 30% share of your brother-in-laws’ pizza parlor) will become worthless as management succumbs to economic forces, and/or mandated costs imposed by outside entities whose edicts must be complied with.

Of course you would prefer to skip this step and jump right into some new product athletic shoes that will hurdle you over the work and directly into the profits. How’s that been working out for you? It was once written (somewhere): no work, no reward.

The harboring of these misconceptions (that lower market price = loss or bad and/or that higher market price = profit or good) is the greatest risk creator of all. Risk is the reality of financial markets and financial assets: the current value of all securities will change, from “real” property through time-restrained futures speculations. Anything that is “marketable” is subject to changes in market value. The stigma is gone, but the artificial demand adds risk to all markets.

Risk is compounded by ignorance, multiplied by gimmickry, and exacerbated by emotion. It is halved with education, ameliorated with cost-based asset allocation, and managed with disciplined: selection income, quality, and diversification rules– The QDI.

What ever happened to bonds and stocks, the building blocks of capitalism? Do investors recognize the financial interest they have in the very corporations their elected officials are encouraged to tax, constrain, and regulate into competitive mediocrity?

In debt-based securities, risk is: the possibility that the issuer of an interest bearing IOU (the money your spouse loaned her brother at 6% to start flinging pizza) stops or falls behind on its payment obligations and/or declares bankruptcy and wipes out both owner (shareholder) and creditor (bond holder) interests.

Company fails, shareholder interests become valueless, debt obligations are worthless, while the fat cats keep raking it in, even suing to preserve their bonuses. Boardroom corruption, and direct lobbying (another euphemism, for bribing) of elected officials are two additional risks that investors need to be aware of.

Another mental step in risk minimization is education. You just can’t afford to put money into things you don’t understand, or which the salesman can’t explain to you in ordinary English, Spanish, French, whatever.

International Finance

Become familiar with the various government programs designed to help your company finance its export transactions, and give it the capital to carry out its export operations.

We recommend that you review this information and then contact your local Commercial Service Trade Specialists to discuss how these programs can help you achieve your international sales goals.

Financing

Do you need working capital loans? Does your foreign buyer need financing to buy your products? Do they prefer lease financing? Check out the U.S. Government International Financing Programs.

The U.S. Government offers four different types of financing programs:

To learn more and apply for these programs, please click on the link below each description.

The U.S. Government also provides finance related events and on-line training to further assist in exporting your products and services.

To receive counseling on how the programs listed below can help you achieve your international sales goals, please contact your local Commercial Service International Trade Specialist.

Export Development and Working Capital Financing: Enables U.S. businesses to obtain loans that facilitate the export of goods or services by providing the liquidity needed to accept new business, grow international sales and compete more effectively in the international marketplace.

  • Small Business Administration – Export Working Capital Program: Provides up to $5 million in short-term, transaction-specific working capital loans to U.S. small business exporters. Uses of this financing include: pre-export financing of labor and materials; and post-shipment financing of the accounts receivable generated from transaction-specific overseas sales. Learn more about Export Working Capital and apply…
  • Export-Import Bank – Working Capital Guarantee Program: Provides transaction-specific working capital loans to U.S. exporters, made by commercial lenders and backed by Ex-Im Bank’s guarantee. Uses of this financing include: purchasing finished products for export; paying for raw materials, equipment, supplies, labor and overhead to produce goods and/or provide services for export; covering standby letters of credit serving as bid bonds, performance bonds, or payment guarantees; and financing foreign receivables. Learn more about the Working Capital Guarantee Program and apply…
  • Small Business Administration – Export Express Program: Provides small businesses that have exporting potential, but need funds to cover the initial costs of entering an export market with up to $500,000 in export development financing to buy or produce goods or to provide services for export. The loan proceeds can be used for most business purposes, including expansion, equipment purchases, working capital, inventory or real estate acquisitions. Learn more about the Export Express Program…

Facilities Development Financing: Enables U.S. businesses to acquire, construct, renovate, modernize, improve or expand facilities and equipment to be used in the United States to produce goods or services involved in international trade.

  • Small Business Administration – International Trade Loan Program: Provides U.S. businesses that are preparing to engage in or are already engaged in international trade, or are adversely affected by competition from imports with up to $5 million in financing to upgrade equipment and facilities. Although this loan program can also be used to refinance existing indebtedness that is not structured with reasonable terms and conditions, it cannot be used as working capital. Learn more about International Trade Loans…

Financing for your International Buyers: Enables U.S. businesses to assist their international buyers in locating financing to purchase U.S. goods and services when financing is otherwise not available or there are no economically viable interest rates on terms over one-to-two years. This type of financing is generally used for financing purchases of U.S. capital equipment and services. Financing may also be available for refurbished equipment, software, certain banking and legal fees and certain local costs and expenses.

Investment Project Financing: Enables U.S. businesses to acquire financing for large-scale projects that require large amounts of capital, such as infrastructure, telecommunications, power, water, housing, airports, hotels, high-tech, financial services, and natural resource extraction industries.

Insurance

The U.S. Government offers U.S. companies Insurance and Risk Mitigation policies that cover export transactions and for overseas investments. Coverage includes losses for non-payment, currency inconvertibility, asset expropriation and political violence.

Grants

The U.S. Government provides grants to U.S. firms to conduct feasibility studies on infrastructure projects and to train the foreign business community and government officials on U.S. business practices, regulatory reform and other economic development activities.